Read e-book online Anaphora and Quantification in Situation Semantics PDF

By Jean Mark and Stanley Peters Gawron

ISBN-10: 0937073482

ISBN-13: 9780937073483

A central objective of this booklet is to improve and practice the placement Semantics framework. Jean Mark Gawron and Stanley Peters undertake a model of the idea within which meanings are outfitted up through syntactically pushed semantic composition ideas. they supply a considerable therapy of English incorporating remedies of pronomial anaphora, quantification, donkey anaphora, and annoying. The ebook makes a speciality of the semantics of pronomial anaphora and quantification. The authors argue that the ambiguities of sentences with pronouns can't be correctly accounted for with a conception that represents anaphoric relatives in basic terms syntactically; their relational framework uniformly bargains with anaphoric family members as kinfolk among utterances in context. They argue that there's no use for a syntactic illustration of anaphoric kinfolk, or for a concept that money owed for anaphoric ambiguities through resorting to 2 or extra sorts of anaphora. Quantifier scope ambiguities are dealt with analogously to anaphoric ambiguities. This remedy integrates the Cooper shop mechanism with a thought of that means that offers either a normal environment for it and a resounding account of what, semantically, is happening. Jean Mark Gawron is a researcher for Hewlett Packard Laboratories, Palo Alto. Stanley Peters is professor of linguistics and symbolic platforms at Stanford collage and is director of the guts for the learn of Language and knowledge.

Show description

Read or Download Anaphora and Quantification in Situation Semantics PDF

Similar logic books

Read e-book online Alice in Puzzle-Land: A Carrollian Tale for Children Under PDF

Characters from Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and during the Looking-Glass populate those 88 fascinating puzzles. Mathematician Raymond Smullyan re-creates the spirit of Lewis Carroll's writings in puzzles concerning be aware play, common sense and metalogic, and philosophical paradoxes. demanding situations variety from effortless to tough and include recommendations, plus 60 captivating illustrations.

Get The Equationally-Defined Commutator: A Study in Equational PDF

This monograph introduces and explores the notions of a commutator equation and the equationally-defined commutator from the viewpoint of summary algebraic common sense. An account of the commutator operation linked to equational deductive platforms is gifted, with an emphasis put on logical points of the commutator for equational structures made up our minds through quasivarieties of algebras.

Download PDF by Walter Edward Young: The Dialectical Forge: Juridical Disputation and the

The Dialectical Forge identifies dialectical disputation (jadal) as a first-rate formative dynamic within the evolution of pre-modern Islamic felony platforms, selling dialectic from relative obscurity to a extra applicable place on the vanguard of Islamic felony reviews. the writer introduces and develops a dialectics-based analytical procedure for the examine of pre-modern Islamic criminal argumentation, examines parallels and divergences among Aristotelian dialectic and early juridical jadal-theory, and proposes a multi-component paradigm—the Dialectical Forge Model—to account for the ability of jadal in shaping Islamic legislation and felony concept.

Extra resources for Anaphora and Quantification in Situation Semantics

Example text

CD-information is information with a lower level of accessibility. This information is obtained by going trough actual reasoning processes, whereas Cl-information is imm ediat ely retrieved. The third type of information is of no import ance in t his paper. ' What a metaphorical projection or transfer is and how t his exact ly pro ceeds will be clarified by the logic I will pr esent further in thi s pap er . The ot her important problem is the relevance probl em . A first question we have to ask ourselves is how we get absur d conclusions .

T 'rI,A. B 'rI A. A is "minimal" . Ampliative Adaptive Logics 43 The first of these requirements needs little explanation. Note only that, if the underlying logic is CL (as is the case for most logic-based approaches to abduction), then (1) comes to T f- A :=> B . Also the next two requirements are straightforward: (2) warrants that the explanandum B is not explained by the background theory, and (3) that the explanatory hypothesis A is compatible with T. 5 (4) is needed to rule out degenerate cases.

The bas ic versio n, however , has some serious shortco mings t hat need solving when we want to use t his theory. First of all t he terminology is too vague. Furthermo re, t he description of the reaso ning process we use when we a na lyze a metap hor, on ly works for very simple examples. The logic I will present , ALM , is based on a broadened vers ion of t his view. A logica l app roac h of met aphors a llows us to gain a profound insig ht in the way we analyze metaphors. T he a na lysis of metaphors is a dyn am ical reason ing process.

Download PDF sample

Anaphora and Quantification in Situation Semantics by Jean Mark and Stanley Peters Gawron


by Daniel
4.3

Rated 4.09 of 5 – based on 10 votes