By Margaret E. Grosh
This ebook contains case experiences of 30 social courses from eleven Latin American nations and offers necessary classes approximately concentrating on various social courses. those prone comprise the supply of college lunches, nutrients stamps, day care, pupil relief, money funds, unemployment tips, housing mortgages, and meals commodities and subsidies. info is supplied at the management expenditures, requisites, and ideas for concentrating on social providers. Case by way of case, the booklet indicates how different courses controlled to stability carrier advancements opposed to the price of focusing on to cause them to good value. It additionally describes the most typical focusing on tools and identifies which programmes used them and why.
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Extra info for Administering targeted social programs in Latin America: from platitudes to practice, Page 94
Page iii Administering Targeted Social Programs in Latin America From Platitudes to Practice Margaret E. C. 20433 All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing January 1994 The World Bank Regional and Sectoral Studies series provides an outlet for work that is relatively limited in its subject matter or geographical coverage but that contributes to the intellectual foundations of development operations and policy formulation. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations, or to the members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent.
First, participation rates are most frequently reported using the whole population of each quintile as the denominator. This shows how large the program is so that we can infer whether the program is big enough to have an impact on reducing poverty. However, basing the participation rate on the whole quintile's population implies that the program set out to cover the whole of the poor population. In fact, most programs have set more specific target groups. 2 Participation Rates for Two Programs: Population QuintilesPoorestRichest12345NationalProgram C 94 89 78 58 26 69 Program D 43 35 27 24 16 29 Page 20 pensions.
If many were left out, the program's impact on poverty would be reduced commensurately. Thus good targeting improves both the cost-effectiveness of a program and its impact on welfare. Costs of Targeting While targeting is beneficial in that it increases the efficiency of poverty and social programs, it also has costs. Broadly, there are three kinds of costs: administrative, incentive and political. Only by assessing the costs and benefits of each targeting mechanism is it possible to determine the targeting outcome for which it is best to aim.
Administering targeted social programs in Latin America: from platitudes to practice, Page 94 by Margaret E. Grosh