By Brian Baxter
In A conception of Ecological Justice, Baxter argues for ecological justice - that's, for treating species in addition to homo sapiens as having a declare in justice to a percentage of the Earth's assets. It explores the character of justice claims as utilized to organisms of varied levels of complexity and describes the institutional preparations essential to combine the claims of ecological justice into human decision-making.
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Additional info for A Theory of Ecological Justice (Environmental Politics Routledge Research in Environmental Politics)
None of which means that we should not, qua scientists, treat with great respect practices which have worked well even if (as is true of much successful technology) they have not been derived from the laboratory. To return to social constructivism, we next need to acknowledge that there certainly are phenomena which are purely social constructs, in the sense that they exist only because of certain (often implicit rather than consciously undertaken) agreements between human beings living in a specific society, and they contain a strong element of the arbitrary.
Or is it the encounter with alien systems, that is, with those occupying a place outside the culture which is criticized, which is the source of the critique? Or is it some internal contradiction within the culture of modernity which throws up its own self-critical moment? Specifically, where does Smith get these ideas from? Where, also, does the doomsday prophecy with which Smith concludes his diagnosis of modernity come from – the claim of environmentalists that ‘a world without ends . . is .
In fact, for most environmentalist critics of modernity that is precisely what it is. Smith next counterposes an example of the ‘ethics of place’, namely the system of ‘tradition and local agreement’ which governed the mediaeval ‘commons’ (Smith 2001: 155), with the two dominant modernist ethical systems – utilitarian and rights-based. These have been crystallized into social practices of impersonal bureaucratic rationality, as described by Weber. Those who adopt the adjudicative bureaucratic roles within this system are meant to apply impersonal, abstract, universal, context-free principles and rules to arbitrate moral rights and wrongs.
A Theory of Ecological Justice (Environmental Politics Routledge Research in Environmental Politics) by Brian Baxter