By Elly van Gelderen
This e-book brings jointly a few probably designated phenomena within the heritage of English: the creation of particular reflexive pronouns (e.g. myself), the lack of verbal contract and pro-drop, and the disappearance of morphological Case. It presents significant numbers of examples from outdated and heart English texts exhibiting someone break up among first, moment, and 3rd individual pronouns. Extending an research by Reinhart & Reuland, the writer argues that the 'strength' of convinced pronominal gains (Case, individual, quantity) differs cross-linguistically and that parametric version bills for the. Read more...
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Extra resources for A history of English reflexive pronouns : person, self, and interpretability
Another approach to Binding is provided by Burzio (1996). He argues that the antecedent is important5 and that anaphora is a kind of agreement between the anaphor and the Subject/Inﬂection complex. If verbal agreement is strong (as in many Indo-European languages), pronominal reﬂexives are less likely than if it is weak (as in East Asian languages). However, agreement in languages such as Modern English, with no pronominal reﬂexives, is weaker than in Old English (see Chapter 4 below), a language with pronominal reﬂexives.
E. e. 11%. Of the 17 that modify a subject in Beowulf, 8 modify a full NP, but of the 4 that modify an object, none do. This means 23% of the ‘self’ forms in Beowulf modify full NPs, whereas in, for instance, the Late Old English Pastoral Care, only 4% do. Therefore, the main function of ‘self’ in Beowulf is that of an emphatic. The data below also show that ‘self’ modiﬁes third person singular pronouns (overt and covert) 9 times, third person plural and second singular 2 times each. 8% for second singular.
E. ’ To provide a sense for the frequency of reﬂexively used pronouns, I list the numbers for the ﬁrst person singular. There are 245 instance of me, and 25 are reﬂexive (3 of which are modiﬁed by selfum). This means the situation is not that diﬀerent from Beowulf and Junius, with around 10% reﬂexively used pronouns. The diﬀerence is in relation to the 161 instances of mec, 3 of which are reﬂexive. Reﬂexive mec is only used as direct object, but me is used as both direct and prepositional object, reﬂecting the respective use of hine and him in Beowulf.
A history of English reflexive pronouns : person, self, and interpretability by Elly van Gelderen