Ian D. Whyte's A Dictionary of Environmental History PDF

By Ian D. Whyte

Professor Whyte's A Dictionary of Environmental historical past provides in one quantity a accomplished reference paintings overlaying the prior 12,000 years of the Earth's environmental background. An advent to the self-discipline is via virtually 1,000 entries masking key terminology, occasions, areas, dates, issues, in addition to the main personalities within the heritage of the self-discipline. Entries variety from shorter real bills to monstrous mini-essays on key issues and concerns. totally cross-referenced with an intensive bibliography, this pioneering paintings offers an authoritative but available source that would shape crucial studying for teachers, practitioners and scholars of environmental heritage and similar disciplines.

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Much of the water accumulated during a wetter phase 50–20,000 years ago but some of it goes back over 1 million years. Aral Sea The world’s 4th largest inland sea after the Caspian, L Superior and L Victoria, situated in the semi-desert borders of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in Central Asia. Its drying up in recent decades has been described as one of the greatest environmental disasters of the C20 (Glantz 1999). 1,090 km3 and a maximum depth of 68 m. Since the 1960s its area and volume have shrunk steadily.

1300BC and barley even later; agriculture was based on millet and dryland rice, the former the staple, the latter a luxury. 6000BC. agricultural origins: Europe A major controversy has been whether the diffusion of agriculture through Europe from the Near E was due to a spread of ideas or people. G. Childe (1968) but more recent research suggests a complex picture combining the two elements in varying degrees at different times and places. 3 km/y: it took 3,000 years or 100 generations for agriculture to reach NW Europe from the Near E.

This takes agriculture back to the climatic changes associated with the Younger Dryas event. There are many possible similarities in the type of environment and the ways in which it changed, with a fluctuating boundary between woodlands and grasslands, between the Near E and N China (Barton et al. 2009). 8000BP (Crawford 2009, Gupta 2004). Barley and wheat are thought by some specialists to have been introduced from SW Asia. 1300BC and barley even later; agriculture was based on millet and dryland rice, the former the staple, the latter a luxury.

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A Dictionary of Environmental History by Ian D. Whyte

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